Beginning of Bollywood
Phiroz Shah was the first music director of Alam Ara. The first song which was recorded for Alam Ara in 1931 was’De de khuda ke naam level’. It was sung by W.M. Khan.
Thereafter, several production companies emerged leading to an increase in the release of the number of films. 328 films were made in 1931 as compared to 108 in 1927. During this time, huge movie halls were built and there was a significant growth in the number of audiences.
During the 1930s and 1940s many eminent film personalities such as Debaki Bose, Chetan Anand, S.S. Vasan, Nitin Bose and many others emerged on the scene.
Growth of Regional Films
Not only did the country witness the growth of Hindi Cinema, but the regional film industry also made its own mark. The first Bengali feature film ‘Nal Damyanti’ in 1917 was produced by J.F. Madan with Italian actors in the leading roles. It was photographed by Jyotish Sarkar.
The year 1919 saw the screening of the first silent South Indian feature film named ‘Keechaka Vadham’. The movie was made by R. Nataraja Mudaliar of Madras (Chennai). Dadasaheb Phalke’s daughter Manadakini was the first female child star who acted as the child Krishna in Phalke’s ‘Kaliya Mardan’ in 1919.
The first ever talkie film in Bengali was ‘Jamai Shashthi’, which was screened in 1931 and produced by Madan Theatres Ltd. ‘Kalidass’ was the first Tamil talkie which was released in Madras on 31 October 1931 and directed by H.M. Reddy. Apart from Bengali and South Indian languages, regional films were also made in other languages such as Assamese, Oriya, Punjabi, Marathi, and many more.
‘Ayodhecha Raja’ was the first Marathi film which was directed by V. Shantaram in 1932. This film was made in double version. ‘Ayodhya ka Raja’ in Hindi and ‘Ayodhecha Raja’ in Marathi was the first ever Indian talkie produced by Prabhat Film Company in 1932.
Birth of a New Era
The number of films being produced saw a brief decline during the World War II. Basically the birth of modern Indian Film industry took place around 1947. The period witnessed a remarkable and outstanding transformation of the film industry. Notable filmmakers like Satyajit Ray, and Bimal Roy made movies which focused on the survival and daily miseries of the lower class. The historical and mythological subjects took a back seat and the films with social messages began to dominate the industry. These films were based on themes such as prostitution, dowry, polygamy and other malpractices which were prevalent in our society.
In the 1960s new directors like Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen, and others focused on the real problems of the common man. They directed some outstanding movies which enabled the Indian film industry to carve a niche in the International film scenario.
The 1950s and 1960s are considered to be the golden age in the history of the Indian cinema and saw the rise of some memorable actors like Guru Dutt, Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, Meena Kumari, Madhubala, Nargis, Nutan, Dev Anand, Waheeda Rehman, among others.
This article will be incomplete if the contribution of music in Indian cinema is not mentioned. Songs are an integral part of Indian movies. Presence of songs has given Indian films a distinctive look as compared to international films. The Indian film industry has produced many talented lyricists, music directors and artists.
Bollywood — The Pioneer of Masala Movies
The 1970s saw the advent of Masala movies in Bollywood. The audiences were captivated and mesmerised by the aura of actors like Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra, Sanjeev Kumar, Hema Malini, and many others.
The most prominent and successful director, Manmohan Desai was considered by several people as the father of Masala movies. According to Manmohan Desai,”I need people to forget their distress. I would like to take them in a fantasy world where there’s not any poverty, even where there are no beggars, where destiny is type and god is occupied looking after its recurrence.”
Sholay, the groundbreaking film directed by Ramesh Sippy, not only got international accolades but also made Amitabh Bachchan a ‘Superstar’.
Many women directors such as Meera Nair, Aparna Sen and many others showcased their abilities in the 1980s. How do we overlook the extraordinary and glorious functionality of Rekha from the movie Umrao Jaan in 1981?
The 1990s saw a whole new batch of actors like Shah Rukh Khan, Salman Khan, Madhuri Dixit, Aamir Khan, Juhi Chawla, Chiranjivi, and a Lot More. This brand new genre of celebrities used new methods to boost their performances that further raised and updated the Indian Film Industry. 2008 was a famous year for the Indian movie industry as A.R. Rahman obtained two academy awards for the best soundtrack for Slumdog Millionaire.
Indian theatre is no longer limited to India and is currently being well valued by global audiences. The participation of the foreign marketplace in Bollywood box office sets is rather impressive. Around 30 movie production firms were recorded at National Stock Exchange of India at 2013. The multiplexes also have thrived in India because of tax incentives.
Indian theatre is now part and parcel of our everyday life whether it’s a regional or even a Bollywood film. It has a significant part to play within our society. Though amusement is the important term of Indian cinema it’s a lot more responsibility as it affects the thoughts of their audiences.
The rise of Poker in India
It may look like India is the best marketplace for poker owing to the large population, nevertheless 150-years-old state laws has made it challenging for the sport to expand across the nation.
The legislation does move to the countries the ability to legalize and regulate gaming, but not many have done so with some prohibiting it entirely. If it comes to internet poker, matters are somewhat easier, but the Indian market is still emerging. The increase, however, is stable with more suppliers going into the scene. The rising interest is occurring in part because of a growing popularity of poker all around the world (like India) as a game of skill.
Vivek Rajkumar is India’s best winning participant from live tournaments. Source
It has been two years since India’s poker scene picked up, but the nation has seen several start-ups climbing as a outcome. With improvements to the nation’s network infrastructure, together with price wars among carriers, cellular gaming is very rewarding for entrepreneurs.
On the other hand, the tendency isn’t restricted to poker. Cricket, adolescent patti and Candy Crush Saga will also be keeping Indians glued to the screens of the mobile devices. Obviously, poker start-ups will also be reporting very favorable stats which show the country is opening into the card game, which makes the marketplace no option but to grow.
Many companies deliver online poker in India, such as one of the largest operators in the world, 888Poker.
India’s gaming market is very rewarding, and many established businesses and start-ups try to have a share so much so, the rivalry has become very stiff given the restricted player base. But, things may come around after India’s Law Commission’s current call for modernization of the nation’s gaming policies.
Unsurprisingly, the top rated Indian poker players vie mainly into the large American championships. On the 1 hand, India lacks chances which may provoke high currents, but alternatively, it is from the States in which the significant cash awards are.
Vivek Rajkumar has not appeared on a live tournament because 2015, but that has not stopped him from occupying the very best place on India’s All Time Money List, making $4.5 million out of live games. Rajkumar made his highest-single making from live poker annually earlier that if he raked $1.5 million in a WPT event in Atlantic City.
With $2.5 million in dwell earnings, Nipun Java rankings as India’s second-highest earning participant from money tournaments. Java surfaced in 2009 and is playing nine decades after. The highlight of his career came in 2014 when he left two successive big hits: another position worth $115,000 in a WPT championship in LA plus a $230,000 victory at a World Series of Poker (WSOP) Circuit occasion held at exactly the exact same city.
Aditya Agarwal finishes the listing of India’s poker players that have made over a thousand bucks from live tournaments. Thus far, Agarwal made only a bit over seven figures, however he favors internet poker where he’s allegedly made more than $4 million. Agarwal can also be a type of an outlier because he’s numerous looks at Indian championships. Agarwal has also played many times in Europe and in Macau in which he came in second this season because of his main money triumph of $245,000.
Depending on the recent participation in poker of numerous notable Indians, it looks like the sport is here to remain.
Anand has also voiced his favorable expectations concerning the future of poker India and on several occasions made parallels between the card game. Anand’s participation in India’s poker arena demonstrates that the nation is really set on getting an attractive marketplace for players.
Actress Anita Hassanandani is just another star who is no stranger to the match. The celebrity actress also said a number of the abilities that poker grows within gamers: discipline and patience. She’s no stranger to victory . This past year, Hassanandani ended fourth at a tournament organized by The Spartan Poker and contains many tournament triumphs for her title.
Anand and Hassanandani are just two examples of Indian actors whose participation in the sport talk of a bright future for Indian poker. However, the mind game has found its own way even in professors. Dhayanithy utilizes the sport to educate his students about analyzing surroundings and making quick decisions under uncertain conditions.
The poker start-ups that pop up right and left, the favorable attitude of actors toward the sport and the total approval of poker as a game of skill point to a marketplace that’s yet to thrive. At the moment, few Indians play poker compare to what is possible. But as soon as the blot dissipates and the suitable technical and legal infrastructure is put, nothing will stop the nation from turning into one of the planet’s most profitable poker markets.